October 10 (UPI) – At this date in history:
In 1845, the US Naval Academy was officially opened at Fort Severn, Annapolis, Maryland, with 50 Midshipmen First Class.
In 1886, Griswold Lorillard of Tuxedo Park, NY fashioned the first men’s tuxedo.
In 1928, Chiang Kai-shek became President of the Republic of China. After two civil wars, separated by a world war, Chiang Kai-shek and his Kuomintang party went into exile in 1949 after the defeat at the hands of the Communists.
In 1933, a United Airlines Boeing 247 was destroyed by sabotage, the first proven case in the history of commercial aviation.
In 1956, no sign of compromise seen in the Suez Canal conflict. Egypt had been pushing for a negotiated solution, “compatible with Egyptian sovereignty,” although there was no sign that the Egyptians or the British and the French were ready for a compromise.
In 1971, after being sold, dismantled and moved to the United States, the London Bridge reopened in Lake Havasu City, Arizona.
In 1973, Vice-President Spiro Agnew resigned in disgrace after having argued clearly for tax evasion.
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In 1985, cinema legend Orson Welles, whose innovation Citizen Kane from 1941 was considered by many to be the best American film of all time, having died of a heart attack at the age of 70.
In 1995, Israel freed around 900 Palestinian prisoners and withdrew its troops from four towns as the second phase of a peace plan was implemented in the West Bank.
In 1997, the big tobacco companies agreed to a settlement in a class action lawsuit brought by 60,000 flight attendants who said second-hand smoke made them sick. About a week earlier, tobacco industry executives admitted that tobacco causes lung cancer and other illnesses.
In 2003, the Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to Iranian lawyer Shurin Ebadi for her work in promoting democracy and human rights in Iran and beyond. She was the first Muslim woman to win the award.
In 2005 Angela Merkel became Germany’s first female Chancellor after her Christian Democrats won parliamentary elections.
File photo by Matthew Healey / UPI
In 2014, the Nobel Committee awarded the Peace Prize to Malala Yousafzai and Kailash Satyarthi, child rights activists. Yousafzai, the youngest Nobel Laureate in history, became a household name after Taliban activists shot her in the head in Pakistan, calling attention to her cause: educating girls.
In 2018, Hurricane Michael made landfall on Mexico Beach, Florida as a Category 5 storm. Michael directly caused 31 deaths and over $ 25 billion in damage.
In 2020, Poland’s Iga Swiatek won her country’s first major singles title, beating American Sofia Kenin in the Roland Garros final.
File photo by Ian Langsdon / EPA-EFE