1412: Birth of Joan of Arc.
1535: Henry VIII proclaims himself head of the Church of England.
1552: France signs a secret treaty with German Protestants.
1559: Elizabeth I is crowned Queen of England at Westminster Abbey.
1582: Russia cedes Livonia and Estonia to Poland, losing access to the Baltic Sea.
1622: Birth of the French playwright Molière (Jean-Baptiste Poquelin) in Paris.
1752: Tobias Smollett accuses Henry Fielding of plagiarism.
1759: Opening of the British Museum at Montague House, London.
1785: creation of the string quartet opus 10 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
1797: The first top hat is worn by John Etherington of London.
1861: Ellisha Otis patents the steam elevator.
1895: Premiere of the ballet “Swan Lake” by Tchaikovsky in Saint Petersburg.
1902: Abdulaziz Ibn Saud leads 40 men to the walls of Riyadh and takes the city.
1911: The first experiments in bombing planes with explosives are carried out in San Francisco.
1915: Japan claims economic control of China.
1919: Two million gallons of molasses flood Boston, Massachusetts, when a storage tank bursts, drowning 21 people. On the same day, the pianist Ignace Paderewski becomes the first Prime Minister of Poland. Furthermore, Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht, two of Germany’s most prominent socialists, were tortured and murdered by the Freikorps.
1922: Arthur Griffith is elected President of the Irish Free State after the resignation of Eamon de Valera in opposition to the Anglo-Irish Treaty.
1934: During a robbery of the First National Bank in East Chicago, Indianapolis, John Dillinger is shot several times but survives because he is wearing a bulletproof vest.
1943: The Pentagon, the largest office building in the world, is completed to house the US military.[1945:RedArmyLiberatesKrakow-PlaszowConcentrationCampSameDayManhattanProjectG-5GroupLedByPhysicistsDonaldKerstandSethNeddermeyerTakesFirstBetatronPhotosofNuclearImplosionAtLosAlamosLab[1945:L’ArméerougelibèrelecampdeconcentrationdeCracovie-PlaszowLemêmejourlegroupeG-5duprojetManhattandirigéparlesphysiciensDonaldKerstetSethNeddermeyerprendsespremièresphotosaubêtatrond’uneimplosionnucléaireaulaboratoiredeLosAlamos
1947: The brutalized corpse of Elizabeth Short (The Black Dahlia) is found in Leimert Park, Los Angeles.
1951: U.S. Supreme Court rules that “clear and present danger” of incitement to riot is not protected speech and may be grounds for arrest. On the same day, Ilse Koch, also known as “The female dog of Buchenwald”, was sentenced to life imprisonment by a West German court.
1953: The East German authorities begin a purge of senior officials accused of conspiring against the state and spying for the imperialist powers.
1958: Northern Ireland beat Italy 2-1 in Belfast to qualify for the World Cup final.
1961: The Supremes sign a recording contract with Motown Records.
1964: Trombonist Jack Teagarden dies at the age of 58.
1970: Riots break out in the Ardoyne area of Belfast. On the same day, Muammar Gaddafi was proclaimed prime minister of Libya.
1973: President Nixon orders a halt to US bombing in North Vietnam following peace talks in Paris.
1976: Sara Jane Moore is sentenced to life for attempting to shoot US President Gerald Ford.
1977: On TV (Saturday)
1978: The Dallas Cowboys beat the Denver Broncos 27-10 to win the Super Bowl.
- Mull Of Kintyre – Wings
- Uptown Ranking Top – Althea and Donna
- Love is Wicked – Donna Summer
- It’s Heartache – Bonnie Tyler
- The Floral Dance – The Brighouse and Rastrick Marching Band
- Doesn’t It Make My Brown Eyes Blue- Crystal Gayle
- How Deep Is Your Love – The Bee Gees
- New York Native – Odyssey
- Dance Dance Dance – Chic
- Let’s have a quiet night – David Soul
Ranking of albums:
- The Sound Of Bread: Their 20 Best Songs – Bread
- Disco Fever – Various Artists
- Rumors – Fleetwood Mac
- Footloose and Free Fantasy – Rod Stewart
- Greatest Hits – Donna Summer
- Greatest Hits Vol 2 – Elton John
- 20 Country Classics – Tammy Wynette
- Love Songs – The Beatles
- Out of the blue – ELO
- World News – Queen
1982: The Prime Minister’s son, Mark Thatcher, is found safe and sound after having disappeared in the Sahara for six days while taking part in the Paris-Dakar rally.
1984: Left-wing rebel Tony Benn wins the Labor Party nomination for the Chesterfield by-election.
1987: A policeman who mistakenly shot and paralyzed Cherry Groce, the innocent mother of the man they were looking for in Brixton, is cleared of all criminal charges.
1988: Sean MacBride, IRA chief of staff and founder of Amnesty International, dies aged 83.
1991: UN deadline for Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait (they don’t).
1992: Former Elton John bassist Dee Murray dies of a stroke aged 45.
1994: The Queen falls from her horse and breaks her wrist. The same day, singer-songwriter Harry Nilsson died in his sleep of heart failure.
1997: The Princess of Wales angers government ministers after calling for an international ban on landmines. On the same day, the space shuttle Atlantis docks with the Mir space station.
1998: Australian schoolboy Ian Thorpe becomes the youngest man to become world swimming champion when he wins the 400m freestyle aged 15 years and 3 months in Perth. On the same day, Chicago blues singer and harmonica player Junior Wells (Amos Blakemore) dies at the age of 63.
2002: Adam Ant (Stuart Goddard) is admitted to a psychiatric ward 24 hours after being accused by the police of firing a gun at staff in a London pub.
2005: An intense solar flare sends X-rays through the solar system.
2007: Barzan Ibrahim al-Tikriti, former head of Iraqi intelligence and half-brother of Saddam Hussein, and Awad Hamed al-Bandar, former chief justice of the Revolutionary Court, are executed by hanging in Iraq.
2009: Pilot Chesley Sullenberger lands on US Airways Flight 1549 on the Hudson River shortly after takeoff from LaGuardia Airport in New York. All passengers and crew survive.
2011: Football legend Nat Lofthouse dies aged 85.
2015: Record producer Kim Fowley dies of bladder cancer in Hollywood, California, aged 75.
2018: Singer-songwriter Dolores O’Riordan of The Cranberries died suddenly while in London for a recording session. On the same day, fashion photographers Mario Testino and Bruce Weber were suspended from magazines including Vogue after allegations of sexual harassment. Also, US Olympic gold medalist gymnast Simone Biles says she is one of more than 130 women sexually abused by former team doctor Larry Nassar and West Bromwich Albion legend Cyrille Regis, dies of a heart attack at the age of 59. Actor Peter Wyngarde (Cyril Goldbert) dies at 90.
2019: Theresa May’s Brexit deal with the EU is rejected by parliament by 432 votes to 202, the biggest parliamentary defeat of her democratic era.
BIRTHDAYS: Princess Michael of Kent, 77; Pete Waterman, record producer/TV presenter, 75; Biff (Peter) Byford, singer, (Saxon) 71; Duke (Douglas) Erikson, guitarist (Garbage) 69; Peter Trewavas, bassist, (Marillion) 63; James Nesbitt, actor, 57; Regina King, actress/director, 51; Claudia Winkleman, TV presenter, 50; Mary Pierce, French tennis champion, 47; Edith Bowman, host, 47; Pitbull (Armando Pérez) rapper, 41; El Hadji Diouf, footballer, 41 years old; Jermaine Pennant, footballer, 39 years old.