German movie – Cake Maker http://cakemaker.org.uk/ Wed, 29 Jun 2022 21:10:47 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 http://cakemaker.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/cropped-icon-32x32.png German movie – Cake Maker http://cakemaker.org.uk/ 32 32 Thousands more soldiers will be deployed in Europe and rotated through http://cakemaker.org.uk/thousands-more-soldiers-will-be-deployed-in-europe-and-rotated-through/ Wed, 29 Jun 2022 20:50:43 +0000 http://cakemaker.org.uk/thousands-more-soldiers-will-be-deployed-in-europe-and-rotated-through/

Long-term military commitments in Europe will soon increase, President Joe Biden and defense officials announced Wednesday as part of the current NATO summit in Madrid, Spain.

According an information sheet Accompanying the announcement, the service will establish a permanent garrison in Poland, add more troops permanently stationed in Germany and Italy, commit a sustainable Rotating Brigade Combat Team to Romania, and aim to increase levels of rotating troops in countries. Baltics and Poland.

The move, part of a wider NATO troop increase in Eastern Europe, means the army will have at least four brigade combat teams in Europe at all times. – two rotating brigades, the 2nd Cavalry Regiment and the 173rd Airborne Brigade.

Officials distinguished between Wednesday’s announcement, which established a new grassroots European presence, and ‘crisis’ troops currently in theater directly in response to Russia’s renewed invasion of Ukraine in February. .

“These posture decisions now make those crisis decisions and moves more enduring and more credible in combat,” Deputy Defense Secretary Celeste Wallander told a news conference.

Which army units will be in Europe now?

More than 1,000 soldiers and army civilians will now be permanently stationed in Europe as a result of the change, according to defense officials.

  • The V Corps Forward Command Post in Poznan, Poland, will move from a rotating staffing to a permanent assignment of 235 troops.
  • A new Polish garrison command with 35 soldiers and 100 civilians will join V Corps, as will a field support battalion totaling 41 soldiers and civilians.
  • Two brigade headquarters – for an air defense and an engineer brigade – will arise in Germany, with 116 and 126 soldiers respectively.
  • Two battalions will also be stationed in Germany – a combat support battalion headquarters with 66 soldiers and a short-range air defense battalion with 315 soldiers.
  • Italy will also get a short-range air defense battery with 63 soldiers who will report to the new SHORAD battalion in Germany.

In addition to permanent units, the service will fulfill additional rotational commitments totaling thousands of additional soldiers:

  • A brigade combat team of unknown type will rotate into Romania.
  • The service will “strengthen” the rotational forces in the Baltic countries.
  • The army will “seek to strengthen” rotational forces in Poland, which already has an Atlantic Resolve rotational division headquarters, an armored brigade, a combat aviation brigade and a group logistics work. Units report to V Corps.

The army is also replacing “crisis” units throughout the region.

  • XVIII Airborne Corps Headquarters will remain in theatre.
  • The 101st Airborne Division replaces the headquarters of the 82nd Airborne Division.
  • The 2nd Brigade Combat Team of the 101st replaces the 3rd Brigade Combat Team of the 82nd.
  • The 1st Cavalry Division’s 3rd Armored Brigade Combat Team relieves the 3rd Infantry Division’s 1st Armored Brigade Combat Team, which quickly deployed without notice this spring.
  • And the 1st Armored Brigade Combat Team of the 1st Infantry Division, whose Atlantic Resolve rotation was extended indefinitely when war broke out in Ukraine, is returning home. Army officials were unable to immediately answer whether they would be replaced by another armored brigade.

Davis Winkie is a senior reporter covering the military, specializing in accountability reports, personnel issues, and military justice. He joined Military Times in 2020. Davis studied history at Vanderbilt University and UNC-Chapel Hill, writing a master’s thesis on the influence of the Cold War-era Department of Defense. on Hollywood films of World War II.

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Live updates on the aftermath of the Johnny Depp v Amber Heard trial: reactions to the verdict, Heard’s interview and book, appeal… http://cakemaker.org.uk/live-updates-on-the-aftermath-of-the-johnny-depp-v-amber-heard-trial-reactions-to-the-verdict-heards-interview-and-book-appeal/ Mon, 27 Jun 2022 20:26:42 +0000 http://cakemaker.org.uk/live-updates-on-the-aftermath-of-the-johnny-depp-v-amber-heard-trial-reactions-to-the-verdict-heards-interview-and-book-appeal/

Heard’s emotions on the witness stand don’t mean she was lying, experts say

The way Amber Heard behaved on the witness stand shouldn’t necessarily be taken as proof that she was lyingthe experts said Initiated.

Last week, a Depp v Heard jury member told Good Morning America that the Aquaman star “didn’t look believable” in court, explaining, “It looked like she was able to activate her emotions. She was answering a question and she was crying and two seconds later she was freezing. It didn’t seem natural.

However, Dr. Kate Porterfield of Columbia University’s Dart Center for Journalism and Trauma says such sudden emotional shifts can occur when survivors talk about traumatic experiences, as they first become agitated and then seek to calm down. .

“So the person can then appear flat, detached and disconnected,” said Porterfield. “All of this is difficult for juries to understand because it seems counter-intuitive that a person could look flat or maybe even bored.”

Dr Jim Hopper of Harvard Medical School said it was ‘only human’ for jurors to be swayed by the outward emotions of witnesses, but added: ‘The question is what knowledge base do you have? […] If it was someone who was traumatized, then are you able to empathize with someone who might express that trauma in different ways?”

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Delivering Content Across Borders — Guardian Arts — The Guardian Nigeria News – Nigeria and World News http://cakemaker.org.uk/delivering-content-across-borders-guardian-arts-the-guardian-nigeria-news-nigeria-and-world-news/ Sun, 26 Jun 2022 02:41:00 +0000 http://cakemaker.org.uk/delivering-content-across-borders-guardian-arts-the-guardian-nigeria-news-nigeria-and-world-news/

Cannes Lions Announce Lions Winners
Cannes Lions organizers announced the Lions winners during the Festival’s awards ceremony.

New Creative B2B Lions were recognized, alongside Direct Lions, Media Lions, Creative Data Lions, PR Lions and Social & Influencer Lions.

Zylka

In the Creative B2B Lions, recognizing game-changing creative work in the B2B space that demonstrates both creativity and effectiveness in advertising products and services purchased by professionals on behalf of businesses, 415 applications were received and 14 Lions were awarded by the jury: three gold medals, four silver and six bronze.

The Grand Prize was awarded to “Speaking in Colour”, for Sherwin-Williams Coil Coatings, by Wunderman Thompson Minneapolis. In the Creative Data Lions, which honor the interaction of ideas and information, 328 nominations were received and 13 Lions were awarded by the jury: three gold, three silver and six bronze. The Grand Prize went to ‘Data Tienda’, for We Capital, by DDB Mexico, Mexico City / DDB Mexico, Ciudad de México.

Out of 1,488 registrations received for PR Lions, which honors strategic and creative communication, 49 Lions were rewarded: 7 gold, 17 silver and 24 bronze medals. The Grand Prize was awarded to ‘The Breakaway: The First Ecycling Team For Prisoners’, for Decathlon, by BBDO Belgium, Molenbeek-Saint-Jean. In the Social & Influencer Lions, 1,642 entries were received and 50 Lions were awarded: 6 gold, 17 silver and 26 bronze.

The Grand Prize was awarded to “The Unfiltered History Tour” for VICE Media, by Dentsu Creative, Bengaluru / Dentsu Creative, Mumbai / Dentsu Creative, Guragaon. The third Grand Prize of the week went to this unofficial guide to disputed artifacts from the British Museum, which also won the coveted Radio & Audio Lions and Brand Experience & Activation Lions trophy.

In the Direct Lions, 1,931 entries were received and 55 Lions were awarded: seven gold, 20 silver and 27 bronze. The Grand Prize was awarded to “Less Talk, More Bitcoin”, for Coinbase, by Accenture Song, New York / Coinbase, San Francisco. In the Media Lions, 1,752 nominations were received and 57 Lions were awarded: 9 gold, 19 silver and 28 bronze. A second Grand Prix went to ‘Hope Reef’, for Mars Petcare, by AMV BBDO, London. Cannes Lions also awarded two special prizes.

The 2022 Cannes LionHeart was awarded to girls’ education activist and Nobel Peace Prize laureate, Malala Yousafzai. Entertainment Personality of the Year went to Ted Sarandos, co-CEO of Netflix. The Media Network of the Year 2022 was also announced in the following ranking: OMD Worldwide, Mediacom and Starcom.

Zylka becomes head of Perspektive Deutsches Kino

FROM August 1, journalist, author and presenter Jenni Zylka will be the new director of Perspektive Deutsches Kino. Zylka has been involved in the Berlinale for many years now: she has hosted press conferences and film conferences since 1999 and has been part of the Panorama selection committee since 2006.

She will succeed Linda Söffker, who said goodbye to the festival in April 2022 after 12 years as section head to take on new tasks at the DEFA Foundation.

Zylka has been a culture and film journalist for print and radio since 1995. She is a member of the Grimme Prize Jury and of the FSF (German Television Voluntary Classification Commission) examiners’ jury, teaches journalism at AMD Akademie Mode & Design Berlin and works as a screenwriter and author.

“We look forward to working with Jenni Zylka as the new Section Head of Perspektive Deutsches Kino. His many years of experience will maintain and strengthen the section’s status as a platform for German film talent and its connection to the international film industry,” say festival directors Mariette Rissenbeek and Carlo Chatrian.

Live screening for Durban
International Film Festival

The Creative Arts Center (CCA) at the University of KwaZulu-Natal will host the Durban International Festival (DIFF) from July 21-30. The 43rd edition of the festival program addresses the curatorial theme: “Adaptation, survival and sustainability”.

The festival will present a selection of South African premieres, which includes a diverse number of feature films, documentaries and short films, as live screenings at the Suncoast CineCentre in conjunction with Avalon Group. The festival organized a hybrid film presentation program consisting of almost 200 feature films, documentaries, short films and student films.

The greatest strength of the program is its contribution and representation of 50% female content. Some of the feature films that highlight these themes include: Donkeyhead (Canada), directed by Agam Darshi, Juwaa (Belgium), directed by Nganji Mutiri, Klondike (Ukraine), directed by Maryna Er Gorbach, Public Toilet Africa (Ghana), directed by Felix ‘Kofi’ Ofosu-Yeboah. Others are, Ring Wandering (Japan), directed by Masakazu Kaneko, Skeletons (South Africa), directed by Jade Bowers, Valley of a Thousand Hills, directed by Bonnie Sithebe.

“DIFF prides itself on discovering and nurturing new talent, and each year we select films from filmmakers from different countries, including first-time feature film directors.

The 43rd edition is no exception with nearly 30% of first feature films programmed, which pleases us”, says Valma Pfaff, director of the festival. The full festival program will be posted on July 1 at www.durbanfilmfest.com.

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Turkish-Ukrainian film wins Germany’s special award http://cakemaker.org.uk/turkish-ukrainian-film-wins-germanys-special-award/ Fri, 24 Jun 2022 12:15:03 +0000 http://cakemaker.org.uk/turkish-ukrainian-film-wins-germanys-special-award/

Directed by Marina R. Gorbach and Mehmet Bahadir Er, the Ukrainian-Turkish co-production “Klondike” received the special award at the 21st German Film Peace Prize – The Bridge.

Organized by the Bernard Weiche Memorial Fund and awarded to outstanding filmmakers since 2002, the German Film Prize for Peace – The Bridge stands for peace and understanding between nations and the immunity of human dignity. The prize Awarded to German and international films that stand out Both for their artistic vision and for the human and political dimension they convey.

The award ceremony for the twenty-first session was held at the Kovelis Theater in Munich on June 21 with the audience aside. a total of 60 symbolic awards were given to selected filmmakers from various countries around the world.

The festival jury awarded the special prize The “Klondike” jury describes the effects of war in its most human form. The film is worthy of the prize for the sensitive management of a family drama in the midst of an unjust and controlling hellish machine of destruction and achieving success with poetic imagery. The festival jury also confirmed that Gorbach had made an outstanding film with universal value, saying: “The film takes us down an inevitable desperate and sad path leading to catastrophe, brutality and the devastation of war. He. She shows people as they are stripped of their humanity.

“Klondike”, director Gorbach’s first feature film, won awards at major festivals around the world such as the Sundance Film Festival and the Berlin Film Festival. The film You will continue to share at various special festivals in Germany in the coming months.

Produced by the Ukrainian State Film Agency, the General Directorate of Cinema of the Turkish Ministry of Culture, Tourism and TRT 12 Punto, “Klondike” focus on The story of a pregnant woman living on the Ukrainian- Russian who refuses to leave her home despite the siege of her village by separatist groups. He brings the projection of an airplane in Ukraine on July 17, 2014, to the big monitor.

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Almanac – Monday 06/20/22 | KALW http://cakemaker.org.uk/almanac-monday-06-20-22-kalw/ Mon, 20 Jun 2022 15:53:00 +0000 http://cakemaker.org.uk/almanac-monday-06-20-22-kalw/

Today is Monday, June 20, 2022

June 20 is the 171st day of the year

194 days remain until the end of the year.

1 day up to summer begin

The 2022 summer solstice in the northern hemisphere will occur early tomorrow morning at 2:13 a.m. on Tuesday, June 21

The sun rose this morning in San Francisco at 5:47:56 am

and sunset will be at 8:35:19 p.m.

Today we will have 14 hours and 47 minutes of daylight

Today’s solar noon will be at 1:11:37 p.m.

The first high tide was at 3:51 a.m. at 4.97 feet

The first low tide of the day will be at 10:38 a.m. at -0.09 feet

The next high tide will be at 5:42 a.m. and 5.56 feet

and the last low tide at Ocean Beach tonight will be at 11:55 a.m. at 2.02 feet.

The Moon is currently 55.3% visible

It’s a Waning gibbous moon

It will be the last quarter moon tomorrow evening Tuesday, June 20, 2022 at 8:11 p.m.

Today it’s…

American Eagle Day

National hike with a geek day

National Ice Cream Soda Day

National Kouign Amann Day

National Vanilla Milkshake Day

New Identity Day

Nystagmus Awareness Day

Plain yogurt day

Commuting day to work

Take your cat to work

Toad Hollow Thanksgiving Day

world productivity day

…and today is also…

National Flag Day in Argentina

Gas Industry Day in Azerbaijan

Martyr’s Day in Eritrea

West Virginia Day

world refugee day

1819 – The American ship SS Savannah arrive at liverpool, UK. She was the first steam-powered ship to cross the Atlanticalthough most of the journey is by sail.

1837queen victoria succeeds to the British throne.

1840samuel morse receives the patent for the telegraph.

1877Alexander Graham Bell installs the world’s first commercial Telephone serve in Hamilton, Ont.Canada.

1893Lizzie Borden is acquitted of the murders of her father and stepmother.

1943 – The Detroit Race Riot bursts and lasts another three days.

[1945[1945 – The United States Secretary of State approve the transfer of Werner von Braun and his team of Nazi rocket scientists in the United States under paper clip operation.

1948 – The German Mark is introduced in the West Germany occupied by the Allies. The Soviet military administration in Germany responded by imposing the Blockade of Berlin four days later.

1960 – The Malian Federation obtains its independence from France (it then splits into mali and Senegal).

1963 – According to Cuban Missile Crisisthe Soviet Union and the United States sign an agreement to establish the so-called “red phone” link between washington d.c. and Moscow.

1972Watergate scandal: An interval of 18½ minutes appears in tape recording of conversations between the American president Richard Nixon and his advisers regarding the recent arrests of his agents as they broke into the Watergate Complex.

1975 – The film Jaws was released in the United States, becoming the highest-grossing film of the time and starting the trend of films known as “summer blockbusters“.

1991 – The German Bundestag voice move the seat of government from the old west german capital of Bonn to the current capital of Berlin.

2003 – The Wikimedia Foundation is founded in St. Petersburg, Florida.

…and if today is your birthday, happy birthday! You are sharing this special day with…

1763Wolfe toneIrish rebel leader (died 1798)

1819Jacques OffenbachFranco-German cellist and composer (died 1880)

1905Lilian HellmanAmerican playwright and screenwriter (died 1984)

1909Errol FlynnAustralian-American actor (died 1959)

1916 – T. Texas TylerAmerican country music singer-songwriter and guitarist (died 1972)

1924Chet AtkinsAmerican singer-songwriter, guitarist and producer (died 2001)

1928Eric DolphyAmerican saxophonist, flautist and composer (died 1964)

1928 – Martin LandauAmerican actor and producer (died 2017)

1928 – Jean Marie Le PenFrench intelligence officer and politician

1933Danny AielloAmerican actor (died 2019)

1946Xanana GusmaoTimorese soldier and politician, 1st President of East Timor

1949 – Lionel RichieAmerican singer-songwriter, pianist, producer and actor

1950Nouri al MalikiIraqi politician, 76th Iraqi prime minister

1951 – Sheila McLeanScottish scholar and scholar

1952John GoodmanAmerican actor

1952 – Vikram SethIndian author and poet

1967Nicole KidmanAustralian-American actress

1967 – Dan TyminskyAmerican singer-songwriter

1977 – Amos LeeAmerican singer-songwriter

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Kilkenny’s Lighthouse Studios take home the festival’s top prize http://cakemaker.org.uk/kilkennys-lighthouse-studios-take-home-the-festivals-top-prize/ Sat, 18 Jun 2022 12:11:06 +0000 http://cakemaker.org.uk/kilkennys-lighthouse-studios-take-home-the-festivals-top-prize/

Kilkenny-based animation studio Lighthouse Studios won the Power of Sound award for its mini-series El Deafo at the Munich Youth Prize Festival.

El Deafo, which is based on the New York Times bestselling graphic memoir of the same name by American author Cece Bell, tells the story of a young Cece who loses her hearing due to a sudden illness and creates a superhero alter ego to guide her through challenges.

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Claire Finn, General Manager of Lighthouse Studios and Executive Producer of El Deafo, said, “Since its release in January, El Deafo has captured the hearts of audiences and critics alike.”

“A lot of this is due to the amazing work of El Deafo Director and Lighthouse Studio Lead Designer Gilly Fogg, who was able to guide our teams to tell Cece Bell’s story the way Cece wanted it to be told – from his own perspective.”

“We were privileged to be commissioned by Apple TV+ and greatly appreciated working closely with Apple and Cece Bell herself as we brought her story to television, and we couldn’t be more proud of the result,” she added.

“We are thrilled to see ‘El Deafo’ receive a Youth Award. The award recognizes excellence in children’s programming, and it means a lot to the whole team.” said Gilly Fogg.

“Working with Cece and Apple TV+ to bring this story to screens around the world has been a privilege and a pleasure.”

As well as winning the Prix Jeunesse Festival, which recognizes achievement in children’s television, El Deafo was nominated for a Television Critics Association Award in the United States earlier this week, and the series is in competition at the International Festival. of the animated film from Annecy in France. .

Lighthouse Studios provided the animation for the movie The Bob’s Burgers and the Netflix series The Cuphead Show! which is also competing in Annecy.

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Countries prefer US to China as top superpower, poll finds http://cakemaker.org.uk/countries-prefer-us-to-china-as-top-superpower-poll-finds/ Thu, 16 Jun 2022 22:45:24 +0000 http://cakemaker.org.uk/countries-prefer-us-to-china-as-top-superpower-poll-finds/

A new poll of nine major countries reveals a strong preference for the United States, rather than China, as the top superpower.

Why is this important: The Eurasia Group Foundation (EGF) survey is the latest signal that many around the world view China’s rise with concern.

Break down : Huge majorities in India, Nigeria, Poland and Brazil – and pluralities in Egypt and Mexico – believe that American influence in their region has generally been positive over the past 20 years.

  • In China, 62% believe it has been negative.

It is a relatively new phenomenon in China. When the EGF first conducted this poll in 2019, only 17% of Chinese respondents had a negative view of the United States as a whole. Three years later, 45% do.

  • Opinions on China in the United States have become even more negative, according to recent polls by Bench and Gallup.
  • Washington is not preferred to Beijing anywhere in the world. The EGF found in 2021 that two-thirds of Russians would prefer China to be the world’s leading power.
  • Of the nine countries in the new EGF survey, the top reason for choosing the United States was that it was a “trustworthy economic partner”, while the top reason for choosing China was that it was “a good example for national development”.

EGF also asked about two other American exports: pop culture and “ideas of democracy”.

  • While the January 6 hearings in Washington highlighted the fragility of American democracy, huge majorities in Nigeria, India, Poland, Brazil and Egypt view American democracy favorably and want their system of government more like that of America.
  • Even in China, 32% view “American ideas of democracy” favorably, though that figure is down from 45% in 2019. Meanwhile, 28% want China’s government to be more like the US .
  • American soft power remains strong. Large majorities in all countries except Egypt believe that American movies, music and television have had a positive impact on their country. This includes China.

The trend: Favorable opinions of the United States have increased significantly in Germany, Japan and Mexico since Donald Trump left office.

  • Yet respondents in Japan and Germany tend to be ambivalent about American influence and military cooperation with their American allies. (Majorities in Japan are “neutral” on both issues).
  • On the other hand, respondents in Poland, India, Nigeria and Brazil are overwhelmingly in favor of cooperation with the US military.
  • However, in Egypt, one of the main recipients of American military aid, 60% view military collaboration with the United States negatively.

More Inquiry:

  • Majorities in every country think the US handled Russia’s invasion of Ukraine well, except in China (where responses are evenly split) and Japan (where a majority is “neutral”).
  • Perhaps surprisingly for Americans, 52% of respondents in the nine countries think the United States has handled the pandemic well, up from 41% in last year’s survey (respondents in China and Germany are the most skeptical).
  • Asked what their biggest concern is with the US system of government, the top answer across all nine countries was the income gap between rich and poor.

Comprehensive Survey and Methodology.

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Taiwan’s culture minister meets German counterpart for first time (MOC) http://cakemaker.org.uk/taiwans-culture-minister-meets-german-counterpart-for-first-time-moc/ Wed, 15 Jun 2022 03:49:00 +0000 http://cakemaker.org.uk/taiwans-culture-minister-meets-german-counterpart-for-first-time-moc/

Berlin, June 14 (CNA) The culture ministers of Taiwan and Germany met officially for the first time in Berlin on Tuesday, which Taiwan’s Culture Minister Lee Yung-te (李永得), hailed as an important milestone for cultural exchanges between the two sides.

Lee, who is visiting Europe for the first time since taking office in May 2020, met Claudia Roth at the Bundestag, Germany’s federal parliament, and they discussed cultural exchanges and human rights and issues of transitional justice, the Ministry of Culture (MOC) said in a statement.

Roth, Germany’s federal government commissioner for culture and media, praised Taiwan at their meeting as “standing bravely on the front line against China’s authoritarian regime”, and said all democratic partners should stand by Taiwan, the MOC said.

The German official also noted that at previous Cologne Pride parades, one of the biggest gay and lesbian events in Europe, millions of participants cheered on Taiwan after it became the first place in Asia to legalize same-sex marriage in May 2019, according to the release.

Lee replied that Taiwan upholds freedom and democratic values ​​despite threats from an authoritarian country and hopes to have closer ties with democratic countries around the world.

They also spoke about the Russian invasion of Ukraine and expressed their utmost respect for the Ukrainian people in defending their freedom, democracy and sovereignty, according to the statement.

“We both believe that in the midst of the pandemic and the Russian-Ukrainian war, democratic countries should be more united,” Lee told an ANC reporter in Berlin after the meeting, and said that the two parties had agreed to forge closer ties on transitional justice, performance arts and cinema.

“Today’s meeting was a milestone in cultural exchange between Taiwan and Germany,” he said.

The Culture Ministry described it as the first time the culture ministers from both sides met.

Lee began his eight-day tour of Europe in Berlin on Monday with a visit to the Humboldt Forum, a non-European art museum on Museum Island in the capital’s historic center.

He met on Monday with Daniela Kluckert, Parliamentary State Secretary in the Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure, and Evelyn Zupke, Federal Commissioner for Victims of the SED dictatorship.

He also officially appointed veteran curator, festival director and artistic director Dieter Jaenicke as the MOC’s international affairs consultant on the same day.

Lee will then head to the Czech Republic and was due to meet the head of that country’s Senate, Miloš Vystrčil, later on Wednesday.

He will then travel to Paris to present the Taiwan-France Cultural Prize before returning to Taiwan on June 21.

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Rare Spinosaurus dinosaur fossils found on Isle of Wight http://cakemaker.org.uk/rare-spinosaurus-dinosaur-fossils-found-on-isle-of-wight/ Mon, 13 Jun 2022 15:01:30 +0000 http://cakemaker.org.uk/rare-spinosaurus-dinosaur-fossils-found-on-isle-of-wight/ With its massive size, unusual scales and fearsome crocodile-like skull, the Spinosaurus has long been a favorite with dinosaur fans. Its appearance is so distinct that it has been described as even bigger and more powerful than the ferocious Tyrannosaurus rex in the movie Jurassic Park III. .

However, despite its popularity, scientists know little about Spinosaurus. Its fossils have proven almost impossible to find. To date, archaeologists have only discovered seven of these fossils – the most complete set has been found in eastern Morocco.

So researchers are delighted that new remains of the mighty dinosaur have been unearthed on the southwest coast of the Isle of Wight, off the southern coast of England.

Spinosaurus: Possibly the greatest hunting dinosaur

In a study published in the journal PeerJ Life & Environment, researchers say the fossils are around 125 million years old.

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“It was a huge animal, more than 10 meters long, and judging by its dimensions, it is probably the largest hunting dinosaur ever discovered in Europe,” said the team’s lead author. , Chris Baker, of the University of Southampton.

Where did the Spinosaurus come from?

The researchers say the discovery supports a hypothesis that Spinosaurus originated in Western Europe, where it split into several species before migrating further.

Related Spinosauri groups have also been found in southern England, Brazil, Niger, Thailand, and Laos.

When was Spinosaurus first discovered?
The first Spinosaurus skeleton was discovered in 1912 in the Egyptian oasis of Bahariyya by Austrian paleontologist Richard Markgraf. It was classified as Spinosaurus aegyptiacus in 1915 by German paleontologist Ernst Stromer von Reichenbach.

Unfortunately, some of the fossils were badly damaged when they were transported from Egypt to the Deutsches Museum in Munich, and the remaining bones were lost in a 1944 air raid on the Alte Akademie museum in Düsseldorf.

So how big was Spinosaurus?

Since there are few other surviving specimens, scientists can only estimate the height and weight of an adult Spinosaurus.

Spinosaurus was possibly between 15 and 18 meters (49-59 ft) long and weighed between six and nine tons. Its skull alone measured approximately 1.75 meters, making it one of the longest of all meat-eating dinosaurs.

And how did Spinosaurus walk and hunt?

Certain features, such as its paddle-like webbed feet and fin-like tail, suggest that Spinosaurus hunted fish in shallow waters.

On land, Spinosaurus may have walked on two legs. With its long neck and long trunk, the dinosaur probably had a very forward-leaning center of gravity.

Fossils found on the Isle of Wight – which include pelvic bones and vertebrae – show that after death a number of scavengers likely attacked the two-legged Spinosaurus.

Researchers now want to examine thin layers of fossils under a microscope to accurately calculate the age and other information about the dinosaur’s growth.

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Why Ukrainian Perspectives on Cinema Matter | Cinema | DW http://cakemaker.org.uk/why-ukrainian-perspectives-on-cinema-matter-cinema-dw/ Sat, 11 Jun 2022 18:11:42 +0000 http://cakemaker.org.uk/why-ukrainian-perspectives-on-cinema-matter-cinema-dw/

After two years of online events due to the pandemic, Victoria Leshchenko and Yuliia Kovalenko and their team of organizers were eager to finally celebrate the Docudays UA International Human Rights Documentary Film Festival in person.

But then, just as they were finishing planning for their festival, which will be held from March 25 to April 3, Russia invaded Ukraine. It has since been postponed indefinitely. “It’s a painful story for us,” festival programmer Kovalenko told DW via video from Odessa.

Kovalenko remained in the country with her parents, while Leshchenko, the festival’s program director, managed to flee to Berlin. Even though their life was disrupted by the war, they continued their mission to promote Ukrainian cinema by creating an initiative of film curators, called Sloik Film Atelier.

Film curators Yuliia Kovalenko and Victoria Leshchenko

Together with the two curators, the Berlin-based Deutsche Kinemathek is now releasing a special program titled “Perspectives of Ukrainian Cinema.”

From June 12 to 30, cinemas in Berlin, Hamburg and Leipzig will screen an eclectic selection of Ukrainian films free of charge, accompanied by discussions with filmmakers and experts.

“We don’t know as much as we should know about Ukrainian culture, society and history,” said Rainer Rother, artistic director of Deutsche Kinemathek during a presentation of the film series. By showing these films, the German Film Archive aims to raise awareness that “Ukraine has its own culture. As we know, Russian propaganda denies the existence of Ukrainian culture,” he added. .

This idea was also echoed by German Culture Commissioner Claudia Roth during her official visit to Odessa on Tuesday. “This war is also a war on culture,” she said, noting that after more than 100 days of war, 375 cultural institutions and 137 churches have been destroyed or damaged. “This clearly shows that it is about attacking the cultural identity of Ukraine,” she added.

Greetings from the oldest film studio in Ukraine

During the press presentation of the series “Perspectives of Ukrainian cinema”, co-curator Kovalenko sent a video message filmed in front of the Odessa film studio. His choice of location was not random.

The film studio, which officially celebrated its centenary in 2019, is a symbol of Ukraine’s long cinematic tradition.

But recently, on May 18, Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova said Russia considered the film studio a “military installation” and a likely target for a missile strike.

The fact that Russia is threatening to destroy this cultural symbol brings back painful memories, as Ukraine’s thriving film scene was already suppressed by the Soviet totalitarian regime in the last century.

Ukraine’s long cinematic history

Ukrainians are proud of their cinematographic tradition. As Kovalenko pointed out, the people of Odessa see their city as the cradle of the invention of the world’s first motion picture camera. Inventor Joseph Timchenko organized a screening of films shot with his own camera in 1894, two years before the Lumière brothers’ first screening, which went down in history as the birth of cinema. Timchenko, however, never patented his design.

The state-run Odessa Film Studio was officially founded in 1919, above the remnants of private film studios owned by Myron Grossman and other producers.

Initially run by a state agency called the All Ukrainian Photo Cinema Administration, “for the first 10 years it was still possible to work independently from Moscow,” Kovalenko explained. It was the golden age of Ukrainian cinema and Odessa was considered “Ukrainian Hollywood”, said the movie buff.

Odessa Film Studio

The Odessa film studio is more than a century old

But then, from the 1930s, the studio fell under Moscow’s control, with many creators fleeing from political prosecution.

“It was a dark period of terror against intellectuals and citizens,” Kovalenko said.

Among those who suffered was Les Kurbas, considered one of the most important Ukrainian theater directors of the 20th century. He was executed in 1937, among an estimated 700,000 to 1.2 million dead during Joseph Stalin’s campaign to consolidate his hold on power.

Another notable name is Isaac Babel, a screenwriter and author whose books have been translated into several languages, including his “Odessa Stories”. Having traveled through Ukraine in the early 1930s, he witnessed the brutal collectivization process of the USSR and Stalin’s deliberate famine, the Holodomor, which killed an estimated 4 million Ukrainians. Babel was arrested in 1939 and, according to Soviet authorities, died in a Siberian gulag camp in 1941. His family assumes he was executed soon after his arrest.

Revisiting “Arsenal”

“Perspectives of Ukrainian Cinema” opens with a classic film by Oleksandr Dovzhenko, who managed to continue working during this period because he supported communist ideals. “But despite his communist beliefs, he didn’t try to produce agitprop films,” Kovalenko pointed out.

Photo from the film 'Arsenal': black and white photo of a man crying towards the sky.

An expressionist masterpiece: “Arsenal” by Oleksandr Dovzhenko

Dovzhenko’s 1929 avant-garde expressionist film ‘Arsenal’, depicting the uprising of Kyiv factory workers of the same name in 1918, avoids drawing clear ideological lines and evokes wartime nonsense, which could be interpreted as a questioning of the morality of violent revolution. “It’s really interesting to analyze and rethink the movie today,” Kovalenko said.

A new generation of Ukrainian filmmakers

All other films in the “Perspectives of Ukrainian Cinema” series are recent works, made within the last five years.

Ukrainian cinema has seen a revival over the past decade, boosted by a strong documentary scene. From there, many moved on to directing fiction, Leshchenko pointed out during the press presentation of the program.

This new generation of directors carries the torch of the country’s rich cinematic heritage, moviegoers said. Their works not only feature a wide palette of genres, Leshchenko noted, but many films also bear witness to the fact that the current conflict with Russia unfortunately did not begin in 2022.

Edited by: Louisa Schaefer

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